Debate Skills – The Art of Making a Point

April 19, 2020
The importance of knowing how to argue an idea or refute an argument is fundamental today, where everyone, to a greater or lesser extent, has ways to express ideas and opinions. Thus, debate skills are essential.

Different opinions are natural elements of social relationships. You can see people debating in various contexts such as social networks, television, and other media. Hence, it’s important to polish your debate skills, as you never know when you’ll be involved in an argument.

Just so you know, the ability to debate is a type of skill commonly practiced even when people are seldom intent on it. Thus, if you depart from tradition, you’ll realize that you can develop intelligent debate skills. Unfortunately, the educational field relegated this type of training only to specific careers.

But critical thinking and argumentation and refutation techniques are essential tools to defend an argument or an idea. This is because social media is a perfect field for developing these skills. Thus, when analyzing the disputes that take place in those places, it’s easy to identify different gaps in communication. The most common, sadly, is the lack of respect for those who don’t share the ideas defended by a majority.

A person showing a couple signs

Debate skills – critical thinking and analysis

Critical thinking is one of the main skills you’ll need for intelligent debate. It involves being able to think reflectively and differentiate solid arguments from myths. People who are critical will appreciate that, on many occasions, opinions are a mere repetition of arguments created by campaigns aimed precisely at creating a certain way of thinking.

Critical thinking is usually based on logical thinking and critical analysis of ideas or dogmas in order to avoid jumping to conclusions. Thus, you should avoid biased analysis, euphemisms, and arguments based on assumptions.

As we mentioned above, the good news is that you can develop critical thinking. The first step is to consciously choose your sources of information. Likewise, it’s important to separate the information from the medium you got it from. It’s true that the medium may or may not inspire confidence, but that doesn’t exempt you from critically analyzing information that you’re going to share in a debate.

Argumentation

Presenting an argument, or a series of arguments, consists of providing information and reasons to defend an opinion. You start from the critical thinking you used to analyze and reflect the idea you’re defending. The argumentation has several elements:

  • Even though it may seem obvious, the object of the argument is an element to consider. You should be familiar with what you’re discussing, be it an economic or political situation or any other subject. Also, you must have a decent knowledge of the subject, not just an opinion.
  • The thesis or the main idea to defend. This is the idea, or ideas, the argument will revolve around. You must have a clear concept and expose it correctly.
  • The body. This is the development of the ideas or positions that you intend to defend. The object to discuss reflects from all possible angles. Also, it’s made up of two elements: the argumentation and the refutation of the contrary arguments.
  • The conclusion. It can be of affirmation when its arguments are as explanatory of the object of debate. Or it may be of a suggested nature when no one reaches definitive conclusions and, thus, there’s a need to do more research or future developments on the subject. Similarly, it’s important to know how to close a debate when you’re getting nowhere.

Rebuttal

The rebuttal starts with finding the inconsistency in the opposite argument. For example, people often generalize from personal experiences and, thus, reach wrong conclusions.

In addition to the possible gaps, you must take into account that there’s a counter-argument for each argument. That’s the idea that refutes it. You must apply the same parameters of logic and critical thinking as the initial argument. Otherwise, the inconsistency will fade away.

This is why one of the skills for debate is handling counter-arguments with intelligence. That is, at a certain moment, when someone mistakenly overgeneralizes, you might want to transfer the idea to a broader context. For example, it may be a good idea to first analyze what does seem to work for one country to then apply it elsewhere.

Two people talking.

Some techniques to develop good debate skills

Acquiring intelligent debate skills is a skill you’ll use countless times and in many different areas of your life. It requires intelligence for analysis and resources. Some resources that can help you are simple, such as the use of rational arguments based on ideas already accepted by society and that, in general, relate cause and effect or are based on analogies.

The ability to debate is an art that anyone can acquire. It’s a very valuable social skill. It’ll multiply whatever you care to invest in it. In this sense, there are training courses in debate skills you should try out!