How Does Stress Affect Women?
Stress, like any other anxiety disorder, doesn’t discriminate between men and women, poor or rich, young or old. However, what we do know is that stress affects women and men differently. The emotional responses are different, as well as the physical, cognitive, hormonal, and metabolic symptoms.
In recent years, we’ve witnessed an increasing awareness of some illnesses that, although it may sound strange, have different symptoms between genders. For example, signs of conditions such as myocarditis tend to appear differently in women than in men. This led many women to think that they had digestive issues or just typical shortness of breath due to an anxiety episode.
With stress it’s almost the same. We all can suffer from it but each gender seems to experience it in a different way. In fact, studies like the one carried out by the University of Cambridge point out that 4 out of 100 people suffer from some type of stress (acute or chronic). In addition, anxiety disorders are more common in women. However, on average women tend to handle those states better than men.
Women are more susceptible to these conditions and, moreover, they experience a wider variety of symptoms. But on average, they come out of those situations more easily, whereas men are more likely to get chronic stress and be more reluctant to seek help.
“Stress suppresses immune resistance, at least temporarily, presumably in a conservation of energy that puts a priority on the more immediate emergency, which is more pressing for survival.”
How does stress affect women? How does it affect men?
The American Psychological Association (APA) tends to conduct annual surveys to study the impact of stress on the population. In 2010, they published a study where there was a correlation between gender and stress. The results were significant and revealing. They showed an often invisible but recurring reality.
These data make us reflect on the impact of stress on our lives:
- Women are more likely to suffer from stress than men. This is not whim or coincidence. There are biological causes behind it. Doctor Rita Valentino, a behavioral neuroscientist, published an article in Molecular Psychiatry magazine where she explained that stress affects women due to their sensibility to the cortisol hormone that creates biochemical and physiological changes faster in women than in men.
- More than half of surveyed women indicated that their stress levels had increased in the last 5 years.
- The source of stress for men is work. For women, it’s economy, family, and not having enough time.
- Women experience more symptoms that range from physical to cognitive and emotional.
- In addition, women tend to realize a state of stress or anxiety faster than men. Plus, they seek support in friendships and in professional help more often.
- Men usually take longer to notice stress and tend to ignore it. They have fewer strategies to deal with it and therefore tend to suffer in silence.
There’s an interesting fact we should take into account when it comes to how stress affects women. Although they tend to be more vulnerable to it, they react fast and have valuable resources to deal with it. They look for support, recognize stress, and like to communicate. Men, on the contrary, handle it more privately.
This attitude of not accepting what’s happening and not seeking help makes work stress one of the main causes of premature death among men. A study by the British Heart Foundation suggests so.
The way stress affects women
We already know that stress affects men and women differently because of two specific factors. First, there’s cortisol. Wo men are more sensitive to this glucocorticoid that is released in the body as a response to stress. Then, there’s also the reaction aspect. Women notice the symptoms earlier and try to actively manage them.
As we mentioned before, they experience a wide range of symptoms associated with stress, such as:
- Hair loss.
- Acne breakouts.
- Irregular menstrual cycles.
- Changes in metabolism: weight loss or weight gain.
- Fertility issues.
- Risk for heart disease or stroke.
- According to a study carried out by the psychology department of the University of Michigan, women are at a higher risk of suffering from depression.
- Digestive issues such as irritable bowel syndrome.
- Weak immune system.
- Low sex drive.
Beyond how stress affects women and men, what’s important is to learn to recognize it. Understanding this process and its severe health implications should encourage us to make changes in our lives and seek professional help.
Don’t leave today’s worries for tomorrow. Don’t neglect the pressure in your chest.
All cited sources were thoroughly reviewed by our team to ensure their quality, reliability, currency, and validity. The bibliography of this article was considered reliable and of academic or scientific accuracy.
- Meadows, J. (2017). Stress. In Spirit and Capital in an Age of Inequality. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315413532
- Joëls, M., Karst, H., Alfarez, D., Heine, V. M., Qin, Y., Van Riel, E., … Krugers, H. J. (2004). Effects of chronic stress on structure and cell function in rat hippocampus and hypothalamus. Stress. https://doi.org/10.1080/10253890500070005
- Sapolsky, R. M. (1996). Stress, glucocorticoids, and damage to the nervous system: the current state of confusion. Stress. https://doi.org/10.3109/10253899609001092