Abusive Situations - Why Is It So Hard To Get Out?
This is something that´s hard for many people to understand and they blame the victim. It’s common to hear, “if he’s hurt you so much, why do you go back or stay with him?” The reality isn’t so simple. These women aren’t actually to blame. In fact, there are many reasons why it’s hard to leave an abusive situation. Keep on reading to learn why and perhaps help someone in this situation.
“This irrational need for command, control, and power over another person is the main thing that leads to domestic violence.”
-Luis Rojas Marcos-
Emotional dependence and abuse
When you´re in a relationship you’re supposed to feel loved by the other person. So how do we define emotional dependence? It’s an extreme need for affection from the partner who feeds the other person’s obsessive thoughts and constant feelings of abandonment. This can make a woman act submissively so she doesn’t lose her lover.
She ends up prioritizing her partner over everyone and everything else (including herself) and idealizes him. This leads her to only focus on his good qualities (even if there aren’t many) and cover up his cruelty and aggression. She also accepts the aggressive partner’s beliefs that he’s the superior one.
This links with the fear of breaking up. That fear then causes separation anxiety, which makes the victim think the worst thing that can happen is that the relationship will end and she’ll end up alone. So she does anything she can to prevent this. This goes deeper if the abuse is consistent because the aggressive partner often feels sorry and tries to “make up” for the harm he’s done.
It’s my fault
The victims in these abusive situations can end up blaming themselves for the violence they suffer. In the thought scheme where a woman assumes her partner is kind and caring there’s no room to accept his violent behavior. So when it happens the victim looks for a cause and usually sees herself as the reason. This is why these women don’t see themselves as victims, but instead, they feel guilty or responsible.
What then happens is the relationship has awful, terrifying aggression then good moments that give a sense of relief. In this scenario, the victim will usually do everything possible to make the second part much more frequent. She’ll do it even if it means she ends up burying herself deeper and deeper.
Other reasons why women stay in an abusive situation
There’s another factor that stops a victim from leaving an abusive relationship – low self-esteem. She sees herself as a person who can’t do things right or as a worthless person and this is something the abuser keeps telling her. “You’re worthless,” is a common phrase when it comes to verbal violence.
But the abuser doesn’t just use physical or psychological violence against his victim. It’s also common for a man to get rid of a woman’s social support network. This victim isolation she remains dependent or becomes even more dependent on the abuser. The ultimate goal of this strategy is to ensure the victim has no one to talk to or to ask for help.
Another form of abuse is learned helplessness. Little by little the victim starts to lose much of her power and freedom, so she ends up thinking there’s nothing she can do to escape. Then desperation takes over her life and she can’t see a way out.
Images courtesy of Misael Nevarez, Volkan Olmez, and Xavier Sotomayor.