9 Recommended Reads, from Mario Vargas Llosa
Some books influenced him so much that today he recognizes them as texts and stories that should be read by everyone before they die. There are nine on his list of must-read books, and here we will tell you what they are.
1. Mrs. Dalloway, by Virginia Woolf
Regarding this book, Vargas Llosa says that: “The systematic embellishment of life thanks to [Woolf’s] refraction of exquisite sensitivity, makes the reader able to drink in the secret beauty of every object and every circumstance it contains. That is what gives the world of Mrs. Dalloway its miraculous originality.”
2. Lolita, by Vladimir Nabokov
In respect to this work, the Nobel Prize winner asserts: “Humbert Humbert tells this story with the pauses, moments of suspense, red herrings, irony, and ambiguities of a narrator consumed by the art of reviving the curiosity of the reader with each moment.
His story is scandalous, but not pornographic, or even erotic. An unceasing mockery of institutions, professions, and chores, from psychoanalysis – one of Nabokov’s dark beasts- to education and family, they permeate the dialogue of Humbert Humbert.”
3. Heart of Darkness, by Joseph Conrad
On this work, Vargas Llosa points out: “Few stories have been able to express evil, understood in its individual metaphysical connotations and in its social projections, in such concise and captivating way as this book.” The movie “Apocalypse Now” is based on this incredible work of literature.
4. Tropic of Cancer, by Henry Miller
This novel was one of the most controversial books of its time and even today still sparks intense debates. With respect to this novel, Vargas Llosa comments: “The character-narrator of ‘Tropic of Cancer’ is a great creation of the novel genre; the supreme success of Miller as a novelist.
That “Henry” is obscene and narcissistic, scornful of the world, only solicitous when it comes to sex and food, and, in regards to everything, he has an unmistakable way of speaking, a Rabelaisian vitality for transforming what is vulgar and dirty into art, for using his amazing poetic voice to spiritualize physiological functions, miserliness and meanness, or anything sordid, and for giving an esthetic dignity to all things inappropriate.”
5. Auto-da-Fé, by Elias Canetti
This literary work, written by another Nobel Prize winner, is one of Vargas Llosa’s favorites: “At the same time that the demons of his society and his time, Canetti also serves those which inhabit only him.
A baroque emblem of a world about to come crashing down, his novel is in itself a phantasmagorical creation sovereign in the sense that the author has infused in it his most intimate fears and desires with shocks and crises which undermine his world.”
6. The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald
On ‘The Great Gatsby’, Vargas Llosa says: “The whole novel is a complex labyrinth with many doors, and any one of them serves as an entrance to his intimacy. What opens up this author’s confession of the great Gatsby is a romantic story, one of those that makes the reader cry.”
7. Doctor Zhivago, by Boris Pasternak
This is extensive work which, undoubtedly, many have experienced through the film. A classic of the classics, Vargas Llosa’s comments are as follows: “Without this confusing story that manipulates, shocks, and, finally, tears apart the lives of the main characters, they would not be what they are.
This is the principal theme of the novel. That which reappears, again and again, like a leitmotif, throughout its tumultuous ups and downs: the defenselessness of the individual in the face of history, his fragility and impotence when he feels trapped in the whirlwind of the ‘great happening’.”
8. The Leopard, by Giuseppe Tomasi de Lampedusa
Vargas Llosa gives a convincing commentary about this literary work: “Like in [the works of] Lezama Lima and Alejo Carpentier, baroque narrators who seem that way because they also constructed beautiful, sculptural, literary worlds emancipated by the temporary corrosion, in ‘The Leopard’, the magic wand that performs the trick in which fiction acquires its own physiognomy, a sovereign time separate from chronological time, is language.”
9. The Clown, Heinrich Böll
Vargas Llosa writes: “‘The Clown’, [Heinrich Böll]’s most celebrated novel, is a good testimony of that social and scrupulous sensitivity towards mania. It has to do with an ideological fiction, or, as was said in the era of its release (1963), ‘committed’.
The story serves as a pretext to an extremely severe religious and moral trial of Catholicism and the bourgeois society in Federal post-war Germany.”
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