brain

Our Amazing Cranial Nerves and How They Work

Cranial nerves are often referred to as cranial nerve pairs. This is simply because they come in pairs, one in each hemisphere of the brain. The complexity of the nervous system is astounding. Its multiple connections make this system one…

Occipital Lobe: Structure and Functions

Take a deep breath and look around you right now. Don’t rush it. The world is full of beauty; of small nuances that make up our exciting reality. The reason why most of us are able to perceive the visual…

What Is Peripheral Neuropathy?

The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is the nerve net outside of the central nervous system (consisting of the brain and spinal cord). Its main job is transmitting signals of physical sensations from the periphery to the brain. Peripheral neuropathy is…

Lewy Body Dementia: Symptoms and Diagnosis

Lewy body dementia (LBD) is a brain degenerative syndrome. It’s caused by the formation of protein deposits that clump up in the brain areas of thought, memory, and motor skills. It’s the second most common type of dementia after Alzheimer’s.…

Types of Synapses: Neural Communication

Our brain needs neurons to communicate for it to work properly. These interactions are known as synapses. But how exactly do they connect and how many types of synapses exist? There are basically two main forms of synaptic transmission: electrical…

The Mystery of Consciousness

What exactly is consciousness? Scientists and philosophers have tried to solve the mystery of consciousness for a long time. Consciousness is everything you experience. The warmth of hugs, the sweetness of that strawberry ice cream you like so much, the…

Learn about the Guilt Area of the Brain

The guilt area of the brain is related to shame in a very intimate way.  However, it’s been proven that these areas don’t activate in certain people. Not surprisingly, this is the case of narcissists and those who’re capable of…

Neuroscience and the Consumer’s Brain

Selling more and better is one of the goals of capitalism. This is why companies strive to ensure that consumers want to buy their products. Advertising, marketing campaigns, and persuasion techniques are used to improve sales. And if this weren’t…

Psychological Aspects of Diabetes

Experts have largely ignored the psychological aspects of diabetes since the illness was first discovered. However, those who suffer from this disease often experience stress, anguish, and even depression. Thankfully, now there’s a new approach that takes all these multiple…

The Effects of Religion on the Brain

No matter each person’s religious beliefs (or lack of them, for that matter); one can’t deny that the effects of religion on the brain must be interesting to learn about. In fact, some religious beliefs are based on scientific facts…

It’s Possible to Mold Your Thoughts

Thinking is like breathing: we generally do it without even realizing. Our thoughts also help us make decisions. In fact, without these internal mental processes, we’d have a really hard time getting through certain situations, especially uncertain ones. But did you…

Male Hysteria: Does It Truly Exist?

The concept of “hysteria” has radically changed over the years. It’s evolved into other different diagnoses. During the 19th century, it became a frequent diagnosis, especially in women. Back in the day, Freud’s mentor, Jean-Martin Charcot, described very clear cases…

The Neurobiology of Human Attachment

Attachment is a defining characteristic of mammals. Thus, research on the neurobiology of human attachment is also based on animal research. Recent studies suggest that attachment is based on the interaction of oxytocin and dopamine in the corpus striatum.  What…

Bipolar Disorder in Children

Have you noticed that your child experiences very intense moods? Do they show extreme changes in behavior? Do they have very sad periods, and suddenly become very enthusiastic, sometimes with an exaggerated joy? If this type of behavior occurs daily,…

Metacognition: Components and Characteristics

Although the term metacognition is complex, you could summarize it as knowledge of knowledge itself. In other words, the ability to know and regulate how you think and what the conscious control of cognitive processes such as memory, attention, and…