brain

Monoamines and their Functions

Neurotransmitters are essential for the well-being of humans. For example, thanks to them, our brain is able to communicate with other parts of the body. That being said, monoamines are located within the neurophysiological classification of neurotransmitters. The main characteristic…

Forgetting is More Complicated than Remembering

Who hasn’t tried to erase an unpleasant memory or a traumatic experience! However, to your brain, forgetting is more complicated than remembering. It’s as if this fascinating organ wants you to remember because your memories are the essence of your…

Anatomy of the Encephalon

This article is about the anatomy of the encephalon, the upper part of the central nervous system. This organ is inside the skull and its purpose is to conduct and integrate information, reasoning, judgment and control behavior. As for its…

What Does Your Brain Do While You Sleep?

Sleeping is both a fascinating and necessary process for all human beings. Due to the physiological and neuroanatomical information humans lacked in the past, this phenomenon has always been surrounded by mystery and speculation. However, nowadays, many available research studies…

How Do Antidepressants Work?

Anti-depression medications (antidepressants) can help relieve symptoms of depression, social anxiety disorder, anxiety disorders, seasonal affective disorder, dysthymia (persistent depressive disorder), and mild chronic depression, as well as other conditions such as obsessive-compulsive disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder. But how…

Earworm: Getting a Song Stuck in Your Head

Getting a song stuck in your head, or earworm, is like falling into an infinite loop. No matter how hard you try, you can seem to stop signing it. And just when you thought you were over it, it comes…

The Olfactory Bulb: Function and Characteristics

Smells have the power to evoke fond memories. Not only can your sense of smell transport you to the past, but it also helps you make important decisions every day. Today, we’re going to talk about an essential part of your…

The Four Types of Attention

Understanding that there are multiple types of attention is important. Most people believe attention is the ability to focus. Anytime someone is distracted or simply not listening to you, you say they’re “not paying attention”. But here’s our question: is…

Isolated Brain – Living without a Body

Recent studies made us question whether an isolated brain can have a life of its own after the body dies. Can it be alive on its own? Let’s find out. Our brain is the “operating center” of our body, it…

Victor Leborgne – A Case in Neuroscience

The brain of Victor Leborgne is probably the most studied in the history of neuroscience. It’s still preserved in the Musee Dupuytren in Paris and scientists have examined it thousands of times. However, until a few years ago, there was…

The Neocortex: Its Structure and Functions

Everything that we are, feel, and, more importantly, what we can become, is stored in our brain. Much of our evolutionary success is thanks to the neocortex, also called the isocortex. It’s a newly-discovered and extensive region that makes sophisticated processes…

Enkephalin: A Pain-Relieving Neurotransmitter

People have been studying the role of enkephalin in pain transmission for over three decades. Enkephalin is a hormone that acts as a neurotransmitter that allows neurons to communicate. It’s a hormone your brain produces in certain areas such as the pituitary…

The Hindbrain: Structure and Functions

Throughout history, scientists have categorized the brain into several parts to try and better understand its functionality and development. One of those parts is the hindbrain, or rhombencephalon, a region that comes from the caudal primary embryonic vesicle. The hindbrain…