Neuroscience

Every day, neuroscience provides us with new fascinating answers to questions about our behaviour. In this section, we’ll take a journey through the basics of the brain’s neurobiology and biochemistry. You’ll also find what causes emotions and behaviours, as well as certain pathologies. Here, we present the latest discoveries and research on drugs and neuropsychiatry in a simple yet fascinating way.

Disappointment and Your Brain – Why It Hurts

We’ve all wondered why a let down hurts so much. Don’t be too surprised to know that disappointment significantly alters the balance of that neuronal universe contained within your brain. So much so, that neurologists say that the mechanisms of depression…

Enkephalin: A Pain-Relieving Neurotransmitter

People have been studying the role of enkephalin in pain transmission for over three decades. Enkephalin is a hormone that acts as a neurotransmitter that allows neurons to communicate. It’s a hormone your brain produces in certain areas such as the pituitary…

The Hindbrain: Structure and Functions

Throughout history, scientists have categorized the brain into several parts to try and better understand its functionality and development. One of those parts is the hindbrain, or rhombencephalon, a region that comes from the caudal primary embryonic vesicle. The hindbrain…

What Happens to Your Brain Before You Die

One of humanity’s greatest mysteries is what happens to the brain before you die. Scientists the world over have looked for the answer to this question, but no one has managed to come up with a clear answer. In 2018,…

Dysexecutive Syndrome: When the Frontal Lobe Fails

Dysexecutive syndrome (DES) stems from damage to the frontal lobe, more specifically in the prefrontal region. This part of your brain processes the most complex executive functions. Consequently, damage to the prefrontal area causes memory problems, attention problems, issues with…

Brain Plasticity: Characteristics and Types

The term “brain plasticity”, also known as neuroplasticity, is related to our nervous system’s ability to modify itself both functionally and structurally. This happens naturally as time goes on, but also in response to injuries. In a literal sense, plasticity is a…

Seven Ways to Grow New Neurons at Any Age

A lot of people think that we lose neurons as we age and that there’s nothing we can do to stop it or any way to get them back. However, that’s not entirely true because we actually can grow new…

Hippocampal Formation: Structure and Functions

Cognitive processes, such as learning and memory, are crucial to human beings. The hippocampus plays a fundamental role in these processes, which is one of the hippocampal formation regions. Hippocampal formation is a C-shaped prominent structure, located in the lower…

Ajovy: A New Drug for Migraine Prevention

Migraine prevention is one of our society’s important challenges since it’s one of the most common disabling illnesses nowadays. That’s when Ajovy (fremanezumab) comes in. It’s a new drug that can help treat this problem. Migraine isn’t simply a headache,…

Yawning Cools the Brain

Under normal conditions, scientists estimate that people yawn approximately 28 times a day. You spend approximately four minutes every day on this seemingly unnecessary and often uncontrollable activity. You’ll spend your whole life yawning, starting during the fifth month of…

The Neurobiology of Alcoholism

Just as there are neuroanatomic and neurofunctional frameworks to explain human behavior, we also have the neurobiology of alcoholism. In this article, we’ll explain what happens in the brain of a person with alcohol addiction. Alcohol is the most widely-used…

Neuroesthetics: Where Neurology and Art Meet

For centuries, there have been many questions such as “What’s art?”, “How do we perceive beauty?”, and “What defines something as beautiful?”. These questions have inspired many debates. Well, approximately 10 years ago, a discipline called neuroesthetics arrived on the…

The Blue Brain Project: A Reconstruction of the Brain

Just like astrophysicists look outside of our planet to discover how space works, neuroscientists look inside the human body to unravel the brain. Such an ambitious goal, a common aspiration among scientists for decades, is now an actual research project.…

Neurotic and Psychotic Defense Mechanisms

Defense mechanisms are automatic psychological processes. They protect you from anxiety and the perception of internal/external dangers or stressors. Defense mechanisms are the intermediary between the individual response to emotional conflict and internal and external stressors. While neurosis and psychosis…

Intracranial Aneurysm

An intracranial aneurysm is a dilation of a brain artery wall. The most challenging aspect of these vascular conditions is that they tend to present no symptoms. So little by little, and without the affected person noticing it, this area…

The 97 Previously Unknown Areas of the Brain

The brain continues to be a fascinating research subject. The more we learn, the more questions and surprises emerge. For example, researchers at the University of Washington made a new map of the brain that shows 97 previously unknown areas…